Kotor 21 °C
Kotor is situated on the Boka Kotorska Bay. We can say that Kotor is the most famous Montenegrin town if we are talking about culture and cultural heritage. Beauty of the sea come together with rocky shores, the hills of Mount Lovcen, serpentines to the fortress of San Giovanni, medieval palaces, the old town and always cheerful spirit of its citizens. For centuries Kotor is the challenge not only as a tourist, but a city of great cultural value with monuments of culture such as its churches and cathedrals. At each step of the old town you can, only by imagination, back into Middle Ages, Baroque era or the time of pirates. Traces of Illyrian and Roman culture, Romanic, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque are preserved in it.
Because of its extraordinary universal cultural and natural values, part of the Bay of Kotor, Kotor area that includes part of Kotor and Risan Bay since 1979 is on UNESCO's World Heritage List. The cultural heritage in this area is imbued with nature and is inseparable from it.
A representative example of Romanesque architecture in the Adriatic is the magnificent Cathedral St. Tripun in Kotor, built in 1166. on the remains of previous church from the IX century. Besides the cathedral within the City of Kotor there is a rich heritage of sacred architecture from the XII-XX centuries. These include: the Romanesque church of St. Luka built during the reign of the great mayor Nemanja and his son Vukan in 1195.year; Romanesque church of St. Ana from the end of the XII century with its frescoes from the the XV century, the church of of St. Koledjate Marija (Our Lady of Health) from 1221.godine where are the remains of a monumental fresco painting and an early Christian baptistery; gothic church St. Mihovil was built on the ruins of a Benedictine monastery from the the VII century (with the frescoes from the XV century), church of St. Klara from the XIV century with the very nice marble altars, and the Orthodox Church of St. Nicholas from the beginning of the XX century with a rich collection of icons. Saint Nicholas is one of the most important orthodox churches in Kotor. It was built at the beginning of the twentieth century between the 1902. and the 1909. on the foundations of earlier structure.
Fortification complex of fortresses and walls of Kotor consist of two parts. One forms walls that surround the old urban core, with five bastions and three gates to enter the city. The second unit consists walls which climb the eastern and the southern side of St Ivan Hill and join the fortress at the top of Gospa od Zdravlja church into a single unit. The total length of the walls is over 4 km, the thickness of 2-15m in places reaches a height of 20m. In its present form the walls of Kotor are a unique example of medieval fortification architecture in the Mediterranean.
Currently ,the walls are only for tourists and are suited to tourists visiting during the summer.
Kotor is surrounded by city walls. There are three gates in the city: The Gate of the the sea, - the main City gate, Gate of Gurdić - South Gate, and Gate of River Gate. - North door. When you pass through the main city gate you come right on the main square- "Square of Arms," which once as it is today, was and still is the main gathering place. Various meetings were held here and it was the rallying point of the locals. Right across the the main gate is a city tower which dates from the early XVII century with the Pillar of Shame ahead. The tower has a ground floor, two floors and an open loggia where is kept a clock mechanism. South west of tower is The tower of the City Guard followed by the main city gate, Duke's Palace and the City Theatre, which was the first in the Balkans, began to work in the XIX century.
The asymmetric structure of the narrow streets and squares has many medieval monuments. Fascinating ornament is evident not only in the monumental - historic buildings, but also in family houses where people still live. On number of such objects can be easily noticed the marks of past eras. Roman marks, numbers, sentences, reliefs and figures of lions, dragons, snakes are visible. Kotor is known for its Baroque windows, massive walls, richly decorated and skillfully carved arches palace,Duke's palace and the City Theatre, which first on the Balkans, began to work in the XIX century.